How to Grow Broccoli
Learn how to grow broccoli that will make even better choices. Growing broccoli can be difficult depending on your climate, but we show you how to grow broccoli to ensure success.
Broccoli grows best in cool spring and autumn temperatures. It is one of the coli crops of the family Brasica oleracea, which includes Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cabbage, collard, black, and kohlrabi.
Warm climates can yield three crops of broccoli by planting high-maturing varieties in spring, autumn and winter.
In spring and autumn flowing areas, give planting time so that you can keep the broccoli plants in the ground in early spring and early fall. Some species are reared for heat tolerance and thrive in the summer, but most grow when the temperature is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you plant too early during the spring and the broccoli plants face 30 degrees night and 50 degrees day, broccoli may think it is about to die and produce tiny florets prematurely. This shape is called buttoning, which looks beautiful, but the plants never raise their heads.
Don’t be surprised if your broccoli heads don’t reach the size you would in a supermarket. Since you are choosing fresh and short heads, broccoli should be very soft.
Try different varieties of broccoli, and note how they taste. Some people think that after a light frost, the taste is sweeter in autumn.
When the top is dark green and full, the broccoli is ready to take. Use a sharp knife to cut the right side of the stem. If you cut off the first large flowering head but leave the rest of the plants to grow, it will spread in a new direction. They will be small but will still taste delicious.
If you wait too long for the broccoli to be harvested, each individual green flower turns into a small yellow flower that is left to grow to form seeds.